Although noisy breathing itself is not life-threatening, the underlying condition might be. If airway obstruction is to blame, total blockage of the airway can happen quickly and without notice, resulting in complete respiratory failure. The blockage, narrowing, or other issues that result in noisy breathing can occur almost anywhere in the respiratory system, including the nose, mouth, throat, larynx, bronchi, or smaller airways within the lungs.
Cats that are experiencing noisy breathing should be seen by a veterinarian to diagnose or rule out potentially serious medical conditions.
The term noisy breathing is used to describe any condition in which breathing is abnormally loud. This includes breathing than can clearly be heard without the use of veterinary equipment. Noisy breathing may sound like wheezing, snoring, or squeaking. The primary symptom of noisy breathing in cats is breathing that is audible. The noise can range from a lower-pitched snoring sound to a higher whistling or squeaking noise. It may be accompanied by breathing changes or difficulty breathing.
The noisy breathing may be associated with numerous other symptoms depending on the underlying cause of the condition. Associated symptoms can become very severe and may even be fatal. There are two primary types of noisy breathing. The type is determined by where the breathing disruption is, and can often be identified by the sound the cat is making while breathing. The types of noisy breathing are:. A large number of conditions can cause noisy breathing in cats, ranging from congenital abnormalities to infections, foreign objects, and a variety of diseases and disorders.
Stridor or stertor noisy breathing may help in identifying the types of issues causing the issue because they affect different parts of the nose, throat, and airways.
Certain underlying causes can result in both types of noisy breathing, however. Common causes of noisy breathing in cats can include:.
With the large number of potential causes of noisy breathing, diagnosis of the underlying condition can require a variety of diagnostic methods. Much of the process will involve confirming or ruling out likely causes using a process of elimination. Your veterinarian will conduct a full physical examination and collect samples of urine and blood for analysis.Hey there pet pawrents!
We know you like to take the best care of your fur-babies and stay current in latest trends. That's why we have compiled all the latest and greatest on pet health, diet tips and how to's, so you can get back to playing fetch and cuddling those sweet kitties. After all that's the best part! Just like dogs, they can suffer from bad breath, especially when their oral care is being neglected. In fact, bad breath in cats is often an early warning sign of periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease aka advanced gum disease is the most common reason for bad breath in cats. Experts say that by age 3, 70 percent of cats already have gum disease. Often, the only warning sign is bad breath. As always, prevention is the best method to avoid bad breath and gum disease in your cat. But what if it already has stinky breath? Fear not. Check out these 5 secrets to improve bad breath that cats often have.
Tartar can get under the gum line causing infection, irritation and eventual tooth loss. Plaque and tartar are loaded with bacteria. Pro Tip: Plaque is easily removed. Once it hardens into tartar, though, a professional cleaning by the veterinarian will be necessary.
It is best to brush their teeth daily. Your local pet store or grocery store should carry them. Use toothpaste for cats, and never use toothpaste that is normally for humans. When it comes to cat toothpaste, odorless and tasteless is the way to go.
7 Causes of Cat Sneezing
Want more info? All you do is add it to their water bowl. Consider sending a link to your vet to see if they would recommend it for your cat. Some treats and chew toys claim to remove plaque and tartar in pets.
Every cat is different though, so experiment with a treat or toy and see if you notice a difference. What about raw bones? Note: never give cooked bones to a cat; they can splinter and cause a choking hazard.
Keep in mind that these products only work as a supplement to home dental care. You can also ask your vet for recommendations that would be safe for your cat. The most important thing is that the cat food is high quality. Make sure that you choose high-protein food with real meat and lots of water to avoid dehydration and other problems.Sneezing and watery eyes are 2 symptoms that are frequently met in cats suffering from allergic reactions. However, these symptoms may also be caused by other medical conditions.
A thorough diagnosis procedure pinpointing the exact cause will help establishing the exact type of treatment the cat requires. The most common cause of sneezing and watery eyes in felines is an allergic reaction, which can be due to a number of irritants that are present in the environment.
Dust mites, pollens, grasses or chemicals are just a few possible allergens. Only contact allergies and inhalant allergies will give these symptoms. There may be additional symptoms in your cat, depending on what causes the sneezing and the watery eyes.
Watch out for symptoms such as:. The cat may not have other symptoms, but he will need to be diagnosed in order to be able to receive suitable treatment. The treatment will be established once the vet has a clear diagnosis.
The treatment may consist of:. The length of treatment will depend and you should check back with your vet for a follow up examination.
Vet Info search. Tweet Like Share Email. Causes of Sneezing and Watery Eyes The most common cause of sneezing and watery eyes in felines is an allergic reaction, which can be due to a number of irritants that are present in the environment.
Other possible causes of sneezing and watery eyes may include: Infections of the upper respiratory tract, which may be caused by a number of viruses, including the Parainfluenza, the adenovirus or Bordetella.
Fungal and bacterial infections may also cause these symptoms An eye infection Advanced dental abscesses, which typically cause sneezing and in rare cases ocular discharges The ingestion of an object that remains stuck in the nasal passages Additional Symptoms with Watery Eyes There may be additional symptoms in your cat, depending on what causes the sneezing and the watery eyes.
Watch out for symptoms such as: Nasal discharges, may point to allergies or respiratory infections Wheezing and difficult breathing, which may be caused by infections or even allergic reactions Coughing, specific for a respiratory infection Dermatitis, indicative of contact allergies Red eyes, if the cat has an eye infection An abscessed tooth or puss accumulation under the gum line Bad breath, indicative of a dental problem The cat may not have other symptoms, but he will need to be diagnosed in order to be able to receive suitable treatment.Family Guy - Peter Vomits & Farts at the Same Time
The treatment may consist of: Antibiotics, for respiratory tract infections; the cat will have to be kept in a warm and comfortable environment. Antihistamines, steroids or topical treatment for allergic reactions; if possible the cat should receive allergy shots, which will diminish his allergic reactions in time.No one likes having a stuffy nose — it is impossible to smell your food, hard to sleep and generally pretty miserable!
The medical term for a stuffed-up nose is rhinitis and it is fairly common for cats to suffer from both acute and long-standing chronic rhinitis. Some affected cats may paw at their face, have deformity of the nose or only be able to breathe through the mouth. Discharge may be from one side of the nose unilateral or from both sides bilateral. Nasal discharge may be clear, cloudy with mucus, pus-like or bloody in nature.
All of these observations can help your veterinarian get to the bottom of the problem to help ease the sniffles in your cat. While this is generally not cause for concern, you should ask your veterinarian if you have questions. Fully 90 percent of acute rhinitis in cats is caused by the highly contagious herpes and caliciviruses. These viruses are common in young cats, cats in boarding and shelter environments and newly adopted cats.
The discharge is usually bilateral, clear or cloudy and is frequently accompanied by discharge from the eyes as well as fever. While the initial viral infection is usually short-lived and may resolve within seven to 10 days, cats may become chronic carriers of these viruses and be more likely to have recurrent signs in the future.
Most nasal bacterial infections are secondary to some other disease process i. Although primary bacterial infection is uncommon in cats, it does occur and BordetellaMycoplasma and Chlamydophila bacteria species are the most common culprits.
The expected discharge would be bilateral and often pus-like in nature. Environmental fungus is capable of infecting both indoor and outdoor cats and Cryptococcus infection is the most common. Fungal infections may cause asymmetry of the face and nasal swelling and the discharge is usually unilateral and pus-like or bloody in nature.
Nasal parasites are very uncommon in cats. Outdoor cats may become infested with botfly eggs called Cuterebra when they stick their head into or sniff around small animal burrows. It is quite common for cats to have blades of grass, seeds or even grass awns lodged in the nose. An acute one-sided discharge, often accompanied by pawing at the face and severe sneezing, could indicate a nasal foreign body.
Bartonella is a type bacteria that can be transmitted to cats, dogs and humans from exposure to infected fleas and….Bad breath halitosis is only a real problem if it becomes chronic or is severe. Some experts suggest that soft or canned foods might lead to worse breath; dry food can cleanse your cat's teeth.
The following might signify internal problems - ammonia, citrus or sickeningly sweet feline breath. Feline halitosis bad breath in cats could be caused by food, infections or something more serious, like diabetes or liver cancer. Chronic cat's bad breath could be due to a serious internal disease. Your family pet might like to rub noses with you or the kids, giving you a great chance to get a whiff of its breath. When a foul-smelling odor startles you, then your cat might have a significant problem.
Here are the symptoms that may accompany bad breath in cats:. Of course, the difficulty with bad breath is that it also might be a symptom of other maladies. Is your cat more aggressive, irritable or reclusive with its bad breath? Does your cat start to eat, then jump back? This could be due to a painful tooth infection. Swelling could occur in the gums, mouth or stomach. Does your cat have difficulties opening or closing its mouth?
Mouth dysfunction could be a sign of a more serious ailment. Kitty halitosis can be caused by something as simple as smelly food or something as complicated as liver cancer. It could be a tiny obstruction, like food, a thread or a pebble. Bloody gums could be caused by an electrical cord injury. Plaque or tartar can lead to viral, bacterial or fungal buildup.
Tiny polyps, infections or an abscess might develop.
10 Signs of Oral Problems in Cats
Gastric acid reflux also stinks. Somewhat minor ailments causing bad breath could include endocarditis inner heart tissue layer infectionesophageal tube enlargement, gingivitis, pharyngitis inflammation of throatrhinitis, sepsis bacterial colonization of bloodsinusitis, stomatitis and tonsillitis inflammation of tonsils.
Coprophagia eating of feces could also be the cause.
Serious maladies leading to bad breath could include the following: Bartonella henselae, diabetes mellitus sugar diabetesgastrointestinal, immunodeficiency virus renal failure, kidney, liver, neurological, periodontal, respiratory or skin diseases.
Veterinarians will conduct blood, biochemical or urinalysis diagnosis tests to determine the cause. Ultrasound and X-rays display your cat's internal bone structure.
The vet might need to sedate your pet. The dental vet will also exam tooth mobility and sulfide concentrations, while your cat is under a local anesthetic. Vets will search for any obstructions, injuries or infections. While you might want to simply give your cat human toothpaste, this is not advisable, because this is not meant to be swallowed.
Also, cats don't like to have their mouths pried open forcibly. Semi-annual professional cleansing, and polishing of your cat's teeth, gums, and mouth, is advised. Veterinarians might offer same-day blood work and general anesthetic tooth cleaning for removal of tartar, plaque, and abscesses. If severe oral disease is at fault, then tooth extraction may be necessary. Corticosteroids and other antibiotics are used to treat stomatitis.How easy it would be if our cats could tell us when their teeth, gums or mouth hurt?
In reality, cats are experts at hiding pain. This instinctive behavior stems from their wild ancestors, when any sign of weakness could mean the difference between life and death. By the time a cat shows unmistakable signs of mouth pain, such as drooling or teeth chattering, dental problems usually are well advanced. If you notice your cat avoiding his dry cat food, chewing on only one side of his mouth, dropping food from his mouth while eating also called quiddingor vomiting unchewed food, you might be seeing signs of a cat in pain.
Drooling while eating can signal oral problems in cats. Drooling can be caused by gingivitis in cats as well as cervical line lesions, or any other sources of dental pain. Chattering is when the jaw shakes or quivers. This painful condition causes cavity-like holes in the teeth, eats teeth away or turns tooth roots to bone. Chattering typically happens when a cat eats, washes his face or grooms. It is caused by shooting pain from the tooth root and can be loud enough to hear with your ears.
Usually seen with acute pain, a cat may try to get the pain out of his mouth by pawing at the mouth. While head shaking or head tilts commonly are associated with ear problems, a cat in pain from dental disease may also shake his head excessively or tilt his head to the side of the mouth where the problem exists.
If head shaking happens in conjunction with drooling or another sign on this list, dental problems are the prime suspects. Resorptive lesions and gingivitis can be so painful that a cat who normally enjoys being pet on the head or scratched on the chin can become head shy or aggressive when touched. For example, if your normally sweet-tempered Maine Coon unexpectedly bites you when you go to rub his face, that abnormal aggressive behavior might be a reaction to pain.
Your feline friend will benefit greatly from regular preventive cat dental care at home. Difficulty Eating dysphagia or Loss of Appetite If you notice your cat avoiding his dry cat food, chewing on only one side of his mouth, dropping food from his mouth while eating also called quiddingor vomiting unchewed food, you might be seeing signs of a cat in pain. Drooling ptyalism Drooling while eating can signal oral problems in cats. Chattering Chattering is when the jaw shakes or quivers.
Pawing at or Rubbing His Face Usually seen with acute pain, a cat may try to get the pain out of his mouth by pawing at the mouth. Excessive Yawning or Teeth Grinding bruxism If oral pain is severe enough, your cat might have difficulty closing his mouth.
Head Shaking or Tilt While head shaking or head tilts commonly are associated with ear problems, a cat in pain from dental disease may also shake his head excessively or tilt his head to the side of the mouth where the problem exists. Pulling Away or Meowing When Touched Near the Mouth Resorptive lesions and gingivitis can be so painful that a cat who normally enjoys being pet on the head or scratched on the chin can become head shy or aggressive when touched.
Changes in Normal Behavior. At-Home Cat Dental Care Your feline friend will benefit greatly from regular preventive cat dental care at home. By Dr.Jump to navigation. I am asked questions frequently about feline sneezing and I have found that there is often confusion about the cause. Many cat owners are under the assumption that the cause of cat sneezing could be allergies. In reality, cats are very different from people in that regard.
Cats generally show their allergies in skin reactions, not respiratory symptom s. These infections are most often caused by feline viruses.
In that respect, they are no different than people. That is why antibiotics are rarely recommended when you have a cold. Your upper respiratory infection is not generally caused by bacteriawhich is what antibiotics kill. In that regard, feline colds are a bit different.
While the initial infection is caused by a feline virus, cats are particularly susceptible to developing secondary bacterial infections. Cats with upper respiratory infections often develop a green or yellow or white discharge from their noses. That discharge most often means there is indeed a secondary bacterial infection and antibiotics may be needed.
Just as there are many different strains of virus that cause us to develop upper respiratory illness, there are also many different viruses that can affect your cat and cause feline sneezing. Often, however, they are from either the Feline Herpes Virus family or the Feline Calicivirus family.
Also known as the Feline Rhinotracheitis Virus, this is the cause of the majority of respiratory infections in cats. It is transmitted from cat to cat through direct contact with saliva and nasal secretions. It can also be passed from a mother cat to her kittens. The virus can live in the environment and on contaminated objects for several hours. Almost all cats have come in contact with the feline herpes virus, but most do not go on to become chronically ill.
The infection is most severe in young kittens. It can cause severe nasal congestion and ulceration of the eyes which can lead to vision impairment or even blindness. As it most often interferes with appetite, any cat, but young kittens in particular, is very susceptible to dehydration and severe illness, even death, from lack of nutrition. There is most often a high fever present along with feline sneezing caused by the herpes virus and pneumonia can develop, especially in kittens or immunosuppressed cats.
The disease most often begins with sneezing and red eyes, but can quickly worsen and secondary bacterial infections can develop. The eyes, particularly of kittens, can become very ulcerated and infected.
Treatment for feline respiratory disease is mainly supportive. Fluids, appetite stimulants, force feeding, and antibiotics are most often needed. Antiviral eye drops should be started early on if the eyes have ulcerations and severe conjunctivitis.
What Is Wrong With My Snotty Kitty?
I have been able to save the eyesight of many kittens by initiating aggressive antibiotic and antiviral treatment if the kitten is brought to me in time. The word herpes alarms many people, but fortunately, the herpes virus your cat may have is not contagious to you. It has characteristics of the herpes viruses of humans, including its ability to live in the body indefinitely and become reactivated under periods of stress. However, it is species specific and you are not in danger of catching it from your kitty.
Cats that survive early herpes virus infections and are able to keep their eyesight often have blocked tear ductsresulting in a watery discharge from the eyes for life.
Rarely does this cause a problem — once the initial infection has calmed down, most cats never have a serious problem with their eyes again.
They may develop conjunctivitis from time to time and need antibiotic ointment in their eyes, but are very unlikely to ever develop corneal ulcers again. Other cats have chronic nasal congestion for life. Some cats are helped by the daily administration of L-Lysinean essential amino acid which can inhibit virus replication.
This does not cure the feline herpes virus infection, but can, in some cats, decrease the severity of outbreaks of active infection or increase the time between outbreaks.